DOI: https://doi.org/10.31499/2306-5532.2.2018.153407

EDUCATIONAL REFORM IN THE EU COUNTRIES AND UKRAINE: HISTORICAL BACKGROUND, CURRENT ISSUES AND FUTURE PROSPECTS

Alina Dzhurylo

Abstract


The article deals with the historical background, current issues and future challenges of educational reform in the countries of the European Union. It has been shown that the educational policy of the last century was aimed at increasing the length of compulsory secondary education to 18 years, early engagement of children in primary education and increasing its duration. The issue of decentralization as an educational trend in all European countries since the 1920s has been raised.

The author analyses educational policy of the EU at the present stage, which is aimed at forming in European schools the necessary skills for their successful self-realization in society, including digital skills for future jobs, and the overcoming of gender differences in mathematics and sciences starting from school level. In the EU's current educational policy the following priority areas can be identified: all pupils should gain the competences they need; every pupil should benefit from high-quality learning, including migrant children; early childhood education and care should be more widely available, support for learners with special needs must be improved within mainstream schooling and reduction of early school leaving; teachers, school leaders, and educators should receive more support, including career-long professional learning opportunities; quality assurance should be further developed to ensure a more effective, equitable and efficient governance of school education and to facilitate learner mobility. The issue concerning creating a European education area by 2025 is revealed.

The European vector of Ukraine’s development has been analysed, which has been considered as a priority since the proclamation of independence and confirmation of the Association Agreement between Ukraine and the European Union.


Keywords


educational reform; educational policy; global transformations; the European Commission; the European Union; the EU countries; Ukraine.

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References


European Commission. About School Policy. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/education/policies/school/about-school-policy_en

European Commission (2017). Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European. School Development and Excellent Teaching for a Great Start in Life. Brussels. Retrieved from https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:52017DC0248&from=EN

European Commission (2017). Roadmap for a More United, Stronger and More Democratic Union. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/commission/sites/beta-political/files/roadmap-soteu-factsheet_en.pdf

Garrouste, Christelle (2010). 100 Years of Educational Reforms in Europe: a Contextual Database, Luxembourg: European Commission, Joint Research Centre. Retrieved from http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/bitstream/JRC57357/reqno_jrc57357.pdf

Official EN Journal of the European Union (2014). Association Agreement between the European Union and its Member States, of the one part, and Ukraine, of the other part. Retrieved from https://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/docs/2016/november/tradoc_155103.pdf

Stefancik, Stefan (2017, November 14). Future of Europe: Towards a European Education Area by 2025. Retrieved from http://www.vitainternational.media/en/article/2017/11/14/future-of-europe-towards-a-european-education-area-by-2025/713/




Copyright (c) 2018 Alina Dzhurylo

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