GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF FUTURE THEATER PROFESSIONALS TRAINING IN THE UNITED STATES
Keywords:theatrical art, professional training, future theatre professionals, educational policy, future theatre professionals training.
The article analyses the main features of professional training of future theatre professionals in the context of the historical formation of organizations involved in the development of various acting and public policy and a description of the qualifications of actors. On the basis of the carried out research the basic factors which determine development of sphere of preparation of future experts of theatrical art are defined.
In order to determine the main factors in the development of professional training of theatrical artists, the author made a brief retrospective analysis of the key stages of development of this process, which include: the League of Professional Theatre Training Programs, BFA and MFA, x and 70's; development of a network of permanent companies of full-time actors who perform culturally significant work and are concentrated in the region and the community; creation of the Department of Scientific and Cultural Support, which takes care of the financing of theatrical events and events.
It is established that at the present stage in the United States educational policy to develop and support art institutions, institutions and organizations; at the state level the role and significance of art in general and theatrical art in particular are defined. It is determined that at the present stage an important role in the implementation of US educational policy in the training of future theatre professionals is played by the National Endowment for the Arts, whose priority is to involve young people and children in early childhood. The National Foundation for the Arts monitors the state of theatrical art in the country, conducts research in the field and develops a strategy for the further development of theatrical art.
The author's special attention was focused on the qualification requirements of future theatrical specialists, which also determine the main features of future theatre professionals training in the United States. It is determined that the main criteria of qualification of the future specialist of theatrical art are good physique, kinaesthetic skill, accuracy of movements, figurative memory, structure and clarity of thinking, expressiveness of voice, with good articulation and skill in breath control, ability to respond to stimuli originating from external reality and the ability to reflect through internal feelings, etc.It is determined that the general characteristics of professional training of future theatre professionals in the United States include: public involvement, expanding the scope and influence of theatre organizations, the formation of qualification criteria for the actor's skills and the creation of financial distribution organizations in the field of theatre training and art in general.
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