SECONDARY EDUCATION IN THE USA: THE RETROSPECTIVE ANALYSES OF LEGISLATION
The purpose of the article is to analyze the key laws in education that over the past decades have shaped the educational policy of the United States. It was revealed that the result of the American educational policy is that today the average graduate ratings are the highest, the rate of decline is minimal. These achievements provide a solid foundation for further work to expand educational opportunities and improve learning outcomes. It is concluded that the current legislation forms the guidelines for the development of modern American education, structuring it according to trends, such as improving quality by optimizing accountability at all levels and ensuring equal access to quality education by introducing special programs at the federal and state levels. Educational policy in the United States is focused on meeting the individual and national needs of society.
A quality education for every child depends on highly qualified teachers who keep students at a high level, on a regular assessment to see what works and what doesn’t. It depends on the parents involved, armed with choice and information. Today we see a new striving for excellence, caused by the Law “No Child Left behind Act”. Of course, there are new problems. Students' interest in science and technology is declining as other countries seek to fill this gap. But for the first time in a long time, America considers itself responsible for the results. Thanks to significant federal and state-level reforms and innovations at the state and local levels, education in the United States is constantly evolving and growing. The country seeks to help children unleash their high potential, both individuals and citizens in a world where freedom is on the verge.
American Association of State Colleges and Universities (2017). Preparing teachers in today’s challenging context: Key Issues Policy Directions and Implications for Leaders of AASCU Universities. Retrieved from https://www.aascu.org/AcademicAffairs/TeacherEdReport.pdf
Corsi-Bunker, A (2017). Guide to the education system in the United States Retrieved from: https://isss.umn.edu/publications/USEducation/2.pdf
Every Student Succeeds Act. Public Law 114–95—Dec. 10, 2015 Retrieved from: https://www.congress.gov/114/plaws/
Google for Education (2019). Future of the Classroom: Emerging Trends in K-12 Education. Global Edition [Report]. Retrieved from: http://services.google.com/fh/files/misc/future_of_the_classroom_emerging_trends_in_k12_education.pdf
Hoffman, K., & Llagas, C. (2003). Status and Trends in Education of Blacks. U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics: Washington. Retrieved from: https://nces.ed.gov/pubs2003/2003034.pdf
National Institute on Student Achievement, Curriculum, and Assessment (1999). The education system in the United States: Case Study Findings Retrieved from https://www2.ed.gov/PDFDocs/UScasestudy.pdf
National Research Council (2010). Preparing teachers: Building evidence for sound policy. Washington: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/12882
Nguyen, H. (2018). Teacher preparation programs in the United States. International Journal of Progressive Education, 14(3), 76-92. doi: https://doi.org/10.29329/ijpe.2018.146.6
No Child Left Behind. Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), 2001. Retrieved from https://www2.ed.gov/nclb/landing.jhtml
Ries, F., Cabrerab, C. & Carriedoc, R. (2016). A study of teacher training in the United States and Europe. The European Journal of Social and Behavioral Sciences. XVI, 2029-2054. doi: 10.15405/ejsbs.184
Ruiz de Castilla, V. (2018). Teacher certification and academic growth among English learner students in the Houston Independent School District (REL 2018–284). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, Regional Educational Laboratory Southwest. Retrieved from http://ies.ed.gov/ncee/edlabs.
Snyder, T., Dillow, S. & Hoffman, C. (2009). Digest of Education Statistics 2008 (NCES 2009-020). Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Retrieved from https://nces.ed.gov/pubs2009/2009020.pdf
US Department of Education (2005). Education in the United States. A brief overview. Retrieved from: https://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ous/international/edus/index.html
Copyright (c) 2020 Nina Nikolska
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.