WHERE IS THE SYSTEM OF EUROPEAN SCHOOL PHYSICAL EDUCATION HEADING? CONTENT-BASED TENDENCIES OF ITS DEVELOPMENT
The article presents the author’s vision of the tendencies of the development of the system of school physical education in the European Union. Based on the literature review and personal experience of work in the sector of physical education, the author defines the following tendencies: student-centeredness (recognizing students’ needs as the priority), equal focus on the process and learning outcomes (equal attention to the process of acquiring physical education competencies and the product of students’ learning activities), regularity (physical activity in formal and non-formal education regularly), increasing frequency (an increase in the number of compulsory physical education classes at school), dynamism (responding to the needs of physical education subjects in determining its content and forms), competency orientation (the acquisition of competencies necessary for the students’ lifelong physical education) and innovation (the constant search for new ways to increase the effectiveness of physical education). The rational behind them are in the current situation that makes these trends in the development urgent. However, the author shows that introducing some of them may encounter many restrictions and unwillingness of the school authorities and teachers of other school subjects. The presented article concludes that the actual vector of the movement of the European school physical education system is not that straightforward, as the pandemic has curved it with hypodynamism and constant stress that have affected people’s physical and psychical health. Besides, the prevalence of academic subjects over physical training remains evident and is still viewed as ‘physical training’. Therefore, one of the most powerful ways to cultivate the culture of keeping their physical and mental body healthy and taking care of their environment is to gradually shift attitudes to physical education from training-oriented to those perceiving the system as culture-related.
Key words: the tendency of the development, the system of school physical education, student-centeredness, learning outcomes, competencies, dynamism and innovation.
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