Ali Ashrafi


 Education is one of the most important factors of every social system. According to the development of working and living skills in the current situation, the educational system of any society needs to be enhanced qualitatively and quantitatively. Then, taking advantages of policies and experiences of other countries in designing the educational system is very useful. Given that the purpose of the higher education system is to research and train the specialist community needed and plays an important role in the development of society. The research methodology is based on the collection of information from the Internet and library resources, referring to institutions related to the higher education system, as well as the Norwegian Embassy. The research method is based on Isak Kandal's historical method, which consists of three stages including a list of materials based on descriptions and historical application and Melioristic.


Comparative Education, Iran, Norway, Higher Education,

Full Text:



Aghazadeh, A, Methodology and the history of the transformation of comparative and international education, 2006.

Jarsgatan. B. 2007: national policy for international higher education. National agency for higher education.

Mohammadi, D.H. Mirhosseini, S. (2008) "A comparative investigation of academic promotion criteria in higher education," Journal of science and technology policy, vol. 1, no. 3.

Karimizadeh, N, Analytical review of student selection methods in Iran and Turkey, Ms.C Thesis, Tehran University, 2008.

Ministry of Education and Research, Norway. (n.d.[a]). Degree structure and grading system. Retrieved May 27, 2008, from Education/Degree-structure-and-grading-system.html?id=491287.

Kyvik. S, Tevede, O. 1998. the doctorate in the Nordic countries.

Nicoline. F; Fanding systems and their effects on the high education systems November. 2006 – Norwegian ministry of education & research: 2005.

International Institute for educational planning: reforming higher education in the Nordic countries. 2004

Ministry of Education and Research, Norway. (n.d.[d]). Higher education. Retrieved May 27, 2008, from Education.html?id=_

Scott, G. (2010) "Delivering higher education within further education in England: issues, tensions, and opportunities," Management in Education, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 98-101.

Copyright (c) 2019 Ali Ashrafi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.