Iryna Borysenko, Oksana Bykonia, Tetiana Ihnatovych


Current reforms in education system in all European countries involve modernization of the education content in terms of implementation of new educational standards, programmes of study and textbooks, refining teaching approaches. It actualizes comparative studies in order to outline achievements of European education and to define opportunities to use them in an innovative and efficient way in Ukrainian education.

The study aims to make comparative analyses of curriculum format and in four parts of the UK in order to outline areas of similarities and differences of the curriculum content in the UK. The study covers approaches to designing of school curriculum in terms of programmes of study formulation (in accordance with national curriculum aims, community, school and pupils needs); planning a timetable; the number of terms in a year; lesson length, subject allocations, minimum time per subject per week, pupil groupings, additional hours for numeracy and literacy. The article illustrates how the schools are adapting their curriculum in the light of current curriculum and education reforms. The article draws on evidence from a sample of primary schools in the UK, which provides an overview of how primary schools currently build, plan, implement, monitor and improve their curriculum. Key approaches to designing and structuring the curriculum content are also specifies in the study/ These are the principle of considering community and pupils’ needs, educational traditions while forming the education content, practice-centered approach, resulting quality and the principle of flexibility.


curriculum format, designing, school curriculum, comparative analysis

Full Text:



Curriculum of United Kingdom. Retrieved from

Key Stage 3. National strategy. Designing the Key stage 3 curriculum. DfES Publications: Crown copyright, 2010, P. 2.

UK Education System Guide 2019 - Everything You Need to Know. Retrieved from

Our National Mission: a Transformation Curriculum – Proposals for a new legislative framework (2019), Welsh Government. Consultation Document, 2019. – 61 p. P.

Grayson, H, Houghton, E, O’Donnell, S, Sargent, C. (2014). Curriculum Structures and Stages in Primary Education: Audit of Policy Across Jurisdiction: Key Findings Summary. Slough: NFER (National Foundation for Education Research).

Curriculum of United Kingdom. Retrieved from

NFER (National Foundation for Education Research. Curriculum Structures and Stages in Primary Education Audit of Policy Across Jurisdiction: Key Findings Summary (2014). London: NFER.

Roberts, N. (2018). The School Curriculum in England., House of Commons Library, Briefing paper, 16 April 2018.

Curriculum innovation in primary schools. Thematic survey report, May 2018, Wales: Estyn.

Literacy and Numeracy for Learning and Life (2011). The National Strategy to Improve Literacy and Numeracy among Children and Young People 2011-2020, Dublin: Department of Education and Skills.

School curriculum and qualifications. Scottish government (2018). Retrieved from

Entrepreneurship education in the United Kingdom. Retrieved from

Metais, J. (2003). International Trends in Primary Education. INCA Thematic Study No. 9. London: Qualification and Curriculum Authority.

NCCA. (2010). National Council for Curriculum and Assessment. Curriculum Overload in Primary Schools: An Overview of National and International Experience. February 2010. London: Crown.

INCA. Education around the World. Northern Ireland: Curricula (Age 2–19). 5.2. Second Phase: compulsory primary education, 4-to 11-year-olds. London: INCA, QCA, NFER. Retrieved from

INCA. Education around the World. Scotland: Assessment Arrangements. 6.2. Second Phase: Compulsory primary education, ages 5-12. London: INCA, QCA, NFER. Retrieved from

Designing and Timetabling the Primary Curriculum (2009). A Practical Guide for Key Stages 1 and 2 : Guarding Standards. London: Qualifications and Curriculum Authority.

Curriculum for Excellence. Smarter Scotland : Improving Scottish education [Електронний ресурс]. – Scottish Government. – Режим доступу :

The New Curriculum for Wales – What we are doing in St Monica’s July 2018. Retrieved from

Copyright (c) 2019 Ірина Василівна Борисенко, Oksana Bykonia, Tetiana Ihnatovych

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.