DUAL EDUCATION: APPLICATION OF GERMANY’S POSITIVE EXPERIENCE IN UKRAINIAN REALITY
This article deals with the functioning of the dual system of education in Germany and ways of its practical implementation in Ukraine. The condition of pedagogical education at this stage is analysed. A review of sources and scientific views on the existence of dual education as a link in vocational education, which ensures the successful professional implementation of future professionals, was conducted. The dual system of education is defined as one that combines theoretical training in vocational school and practical training at the enterprise. Considerable attention is paid to the analysis of the structure of dual education, its content and process. This article identifies the primary documents that are the legal basis for the introduction of dual education both in Germany and Ukraine. It is noted that the financing of the dual system in Germany is implemented in two ways: vocational school is funded from the federal budget, while enterprises finance industrial training; in Ukraine funding is realised from state and local budgets. The article describes the main features of vocational schools and enterprises as the main partners in the dual system of education in Germany and Ukraine, lists the names of professions acquired within dual education, tasks and positive aspects of dual education. It is emphasised that dual education creates the conditions for engaging enterprises into the training process; in particular, the high costs are involved in training professionals. In terms of the research, it is determined that the pedagogical process, which is carried out within dual education, is meant to realise three interrelated functions: educational, instructional and developmental. One of the main benefits of receiving professional education at enterprises is the fact that young people acquire skills for its further application in practice. Thus, the authors point out the effectiveness of the German experience in vocational education in Ukraine, the need to spread the dual form of education in vocational education institutions in Ukraine and note specific tips to improve some of the negative aspects of the existence of dual education.
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