DOI: https://doi.org/10.31499/2306-5532.1.2020.211319

ARMENIA IS BETWEEN EAST AND WEST (EU): IN THE CONTEXT OF THE REFORMS OF HIGHER EDUCATION

Nune Srapyan

Abstract


Historically, it turned so that Armenia is located at the junction of two civilizations – Western and Eastern. This has left a definite imprint on the mentality of Armenians. There is certain ambivalence in the Armenian society: in everyday life, in the culture, the perception of the external world, politics, education.

The article makes an attempt to reflect on how Armenians and Armenia, during the whole period of their existence, have always been under the influence (including the area of education) of global forces, the influence of the East and West. Usually this happens against their will. Therefore, addressing mainly Armenia’s foreign policy in the field of higher education, the article highlights also political context, thus substantiating that Armenia’s position has always been significant for security of the country and relations with neighbors, in its turn resulting in strategic choices and decisions not only in political arena but also in many crucial aspects, including educational.

In the situation of many researches in the field, the study is intended to analyze  current situation of Armenia’s relations with East and West, its position in the context of educational reforms, addressing Integration into European edu-cational area, Bologna process, representing positive changes, tangible effects, main obstacles and various interpretations based on the results of the finding.


Keywords


mediator; foreign policy; educational reforms; Bologna process; Europanization; Integration into European educational area.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abrahamyan, L., (2006). Armenia and Armenians between East and West, Journal “21th century” № 1 (3) / 2006. Retrieved from: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/armeniya-i-armyane-mezhdu-vostokomi-zapadom/viewer.

European Commission (2011). European Neighborhood and Partnership Instrument. Armenia. National Indicative Program, 2011-2013. Retrieved from: https://library.euneighbours.eu/content/ armenia-national-indicative-programme-2011-2013.

Gharibyan, Tatevik, (2017, July 18). Armenian Higher Education in the European Higher Education Area. [Blog post]. Retrieved from: https://www.insidehighered.com/blogs/world-view/armenian-higher-education-european-higher-education-area.

Grigoryan, E. (2013). International and domestic situation in Armenia in terms of the cognitive approach., Journal Hyusisapayl.

Hunanyan, H. (2010). The reform of higher education systems and the concept of lifelong learning. A comparative study of German and Armenian universities in the Bologna Process (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from: https://www.youscribe.com/catalogue/documents/savoirs/ the-reform-of-higher-education-systems-and-the-concept-of-lifelong-1428960.

Matei, L., Iwinska, Y., & Geven, K., (2013). Higher Education in Armenia Today: a focused review. Report for the Open Society Foundation Armenia. Budapest: CEU Higher Education Observatory. Retrieved from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/289125365_Higher_Education_ in_Armenia_Today_a_Focused_Review.




Copyright (c) 2020 Nune Srapyan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.