FORMATION OF CIVIC IDENTITY OF STUDENTS BASED ON METHODICAL HERITAGE OF YEVHEN PASICHNYK
Keywords:civic identity, civic competence, teaching methods, methodological heritage, Ukrainian literature, New Ukrainian school, cultural and national identity, value-meaning sphere of personality
The normative documents of the New Ukrainian School refer to the formation of students' civic competence for successful functioning in a democratic society and specify the essence of the concept of civic competence. Its main features are readiness to assert and defend statehood and democracy, ability to defend human rights, awareness of the value of free democratic society, the rule of law, human and civil rights, responsible attitude to civic duty, to one's own life and the life of community and society.
The future of the Ukrainian state largely depends on the established Ukrainian civic identity. The loss of civic identity poses serious problems related to profound alienation in society, a sense of disintegration, instability of human existence, and even a threat to national security.
In teaching Ukrainian literature, Y. Pasichnyk was one of the first to study the problem of forming in students' means of Ukrainian literature a conscious perception of themselves as citizens of Ukraine. His works are an essential contribution to the development of the content of education and the scientific substantiation of the process of national education of students in an independent state.
Forming a civic identity for the needs of the present and the New Ukrainian School may be naturally developed on the foundations laid by Y. Pasichnyk, his predecessors, and followers. Today is the time to return to his theoretical achievements to successfully develop students' civic identity in a country that so heroically fights for the right to exist. Nowadays, the formation of Ukrainian inhabitants' civic identity is unfinished and still going on. A well-balanced course of Ukrainian literature at school and the use of active education forms will help speed up this process.
The article is devoted to the review and analysis of the creative work of the scientist and methodologist Y. Pasichnyk, who is dedicated to studying the problem of forming secondary school students' means of Ukrainian literature deeply conscious self-perception as citizens of Ukraine. We consider the issues raised by Y. Pasichnyk in the currently accepted broader context of civic identity. We highlight the inherent characteristics of civic identity and the main ways of forming the value-meaning sphere of personality to achieve this goal in the lessons of Ukrainian literature. We believe the most critical methodological recommendations for optimizing the educational process concerning the issues under consideration have also been formulated.
The article paves the way for studying various deviations of civic identity and ways to overcome them.
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